Low blood glucose response

In a double-blind randomized controlled trial in individuals with impaired fasting glucose blood glucose response was reduced by 70% and glucose load by 80%:

Laue, C., Ballance, S., Knutsen, S.H., Papazova, E., Soeth, E., Pannenbeckers, A. and Schrezenmeir, J. (2019). Glycemic response to low sugar apple juice treated with invertase, glucose oxidase and catalase. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 73, 1382–139.
For details: and

A 2nd double-blind randomized controlled trial confirmed these results.

Additional health benefits

  • Fortification with essential minerals
  • Prebiotic properties of gluconic acid:

Asano, T., Yuasa, K., Kunugita, K., Teraji, T., and Mitsuoka, T. (1994) Effects of gluconic acid on human faecal bacteria. Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease 7: 247-256.